R. v. D.M.G.,

JurisdictionOntario
JudgeO'Connor, A.C.J.O., Simmons and Watt, JJ.A.
Neutral Citation2011 ONCA 343
Citation(2011), 281 O.A.C. 85 (CA),2011 ONCA 343,105 OR (3d) 481,275 CCC (3d) 295,84 CR (6th) 420,[2011] OJ No 1966 (QL),281 OAC 85,97 WCB (2d) 151,(2011), 281 OAC 85 (CA),281 O.A.C. 85,105 O.R. (3d) 481,[2011] O.J. No 1966 (QL)
Date09 November 2010
CourtCourt of Appeal (Ontario)

R. v. D.M.G. (2011), 281 O.A.C. 85 (CA)

MLB headnote and full text

Temp. Cite: [2011] O.A.C. TBEd. AP.041

Her Majesty the Queen (respondent) v. D.M.G. (appellant)

(C49549; 2011 ONCA 343)

Indexed As: R. v. D.M.G.

Ontario Court of Appeal

O'Connor, A.C.J.O., Simmons and Watt, JJ.A.

May 2, 2011.

Summary:

The accused was convicted of sexual interference and sentenced to 15 months' jail less time spent on remand and three years' probation. The accused appealed, arguing that his conviction was a miscarriage of justice because he was denied the effective assistance of counsel.

The Ontario Court of Appeal allowed the appeal, set aside the conviction and ordered a new trial.

Editor's Note: Certain names in the following case have been initialized or the case otherwise edited to prevent the disclosure of identities where required by law, publication ban, Maritime Law Book's editorial policy or otherwise.

Criminal Law - Topic 4220.1

Procedure - Pleas - Whether voluntary - By the agreement of counsel, the accused's counsel pled not guilty to sexual interference on the accused's behalf and the accused confirmed his plea - The Crown then read a summary of the allegations - As had been agreed to by counsel, the trial judge convicted the accused - The accused appealed, arguing that his conviction was a miscarriage of justice because he was denied the effective assistance of counsel - The elderly accused was hearing impaired - The Ontario Court of Appeal allowed the appeal - Prosecutorial allegations were not evidence - They did not become admissions of fact under s. 655 of the Criminal Code by the failure of the accused's trial counsel to make submissions - The accused had consistently denied his guilt, but was concerned about making the young complainant testify - He was not made aware of procedural mechanisms available to accommodate such testimony - He was never asked, nor did his counsel ever expressly admit on his behalf the prosecutor's allegations - The procedure adopted caused a miscarriage of justice through procedural unfairness - The accused's unwavering denial of guilt was sideswiped by a procedure that resulted in a de facto admission of guilt without any inquiry into voluntariness or the accused's understanding of the nature and effect of this procedure - The inadequate preparation of the accused's former counsel for trial may have influenced the procedure that was adopted.

Criminal Law - Topic 4226

Procedure - Pleas - Acceptance of guilty plea - [See Criminal Law - Topic 4220.1 ].

Criminal Law - Topic 4852

Appeals - Indictable offences - Grounds of appeal - Miscarriage of justice - [See Criminal Law - Topic 4220.1 ].

Cases Noticed:

Adgey v. R., [1975] 2 S.C.R. 426, refd to. [para. 41].

R. v. M.B. (2009), 251 O.A.C. 81; 68 C.R.(6th) 55 (C.A.), refd to. [para. 100].

R. v. Joanisse (R.) (1995), 85 O.A.C. 186; 102 C.C.C.(3d) 35 (C.A.), leave to appeal refused (1997), 208 N.R. 79; 99 O.A.C. 79 (S.C.C.), refd to. [para. 100].

R. v. G.D.B., [2000] 1 S.C.R. 520; 253 N.R. 201; 261 A.R. 1; 225 W.A.C. 1, refd to. [para. 102].

R. v. T.P. (2002), 160 O.A.C. 118; 165 C.C.C.(3d) 281 (C.A.), refd to. [para. 106].

Counsel:

Wayne A. Rumble, for the appellant;

Alexander Hrybinsky, for the respondent.

This appeal was heard on November 9, 2010, before O'Connor, A.C.J.O., Simmons and Watt, JJ.A., of the Ontario Court of Appeal. Watt, J.A., delivered the following decision for the Court of Appeal on May 2, 2011.

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29 practice notes
  • Ontario Court Of Appeal Summaries (March 11-15, 2019)
    • Canada
    • Mondaq Canada
    • 28 Marzo 2019
    ...95, R. v. T. (R.) (1992), 10 O.R. (3d) 514 (C.A.), R. v. Shiwprashad, 2015 ONCA 577, R. v. Cherrington, 2018 ONCA 653, R. v. G. (D.M.), 2011 ONCA 343, R. v. Lavergne, 2017 ONCA 642, R. v. Coffey, 2017 BCCA 359, R. v. Tyler, 2007 BCCA 142 v. S.C., 2019 ONCA 199 Keywords: Criminal Law, Sexual......
  • Plea Discussions
    • Canada
    • Irwin Books Ethics and Criminal Law. Second Edition
    • 19 Junio 2015
    ...325 at paras 9–10 [ Duong ]. 7 See R v RP , 2013 ONCA 53 at para 39, leave to appeal to SCC refused, [2013] SCCA No 133 [ RP ]; R v DMG , 2011 ONCA 343 at para 41 [ DMG ]; Eizenga , above note 6 at paras 43 and 70; R v RT (1992), 17 CR (4th) 247 at para 13 (Ont CA) [ RT ]; Duong , above not......
  • Table of cases
    • Canada
    • Irwin Books Ethics and Criminal Law. Second Edition
    • 19 Junio 2015
    ...288, 292, 293 R v DK, 2009 QCCA 987 ....................................................................................644 R v DMG, 2011 ONCA 343 ................................................................. 105, 126, 429, 433, 434, 453, 466, 472−73 R v DN, 2004 NLCA 44 .....................
  • Decision Making
    • Canada
    • Irwin Books Ethics and Criminal Law. Second Edition
    • 19 Junio 2015
    ...[para 24] (Que CA); R v Prosser , [1980] 3 WWR 499 at 501 [paras 5–7] (Sask Dist Ct); R v GDB , 2000 SCC 22 at para 34 [ GDB ]; R v DMG , 2011 ONCA 343 at para 109 [ DMG ]. Also of interest is R v Loi , 2013 ONSC 1202 at para 72: a decision to concede criminal liability is akin to a guilty ......
  • Request a trial to view additional results
24 cases
  • Gligorevic v. McMaster et al., (2012) 287 O.A.C. 302 (CA)
    • Canada
    • Ontario Court of Appeal (Ontario)
    • 1 Noviembre 2011
    ...196; 219 O.A.C. 400 (S.C.C.), refd to. [para. 60]. Strickland v. Washington (1984), 466 U.S. 668, refd to. [para. 66]. R. v. D.M.G. (2011), 281 O.A.C. 85; 105 O.R.(3d) 481; 2011 ONCA 343, refd to. [para. 67]. R. v. DiPalma, [2005] 2 C.T.C. 132 (Ont. C.A.), refd to. [para. 67]. R. v. White (......
  • R. v. Herritt, 2019 NSCA 92
    • Canada
    • Court of Appeal of Nova Scotia (Canada)
    • 3 Diciembre 2019
    ...in which Charter issues play a crucial, if not determinative, role in a prosecution: see R. v. Tran, 2017 ONCA 329; R. v. G. (D.M.), 2011 ONCA 343; and R. v. P. (R.), 2013 ONCA 53. See also the helpful discussion of this issue in Michael Shortt, “Preserving Appeal Rights When Your Client’s ......
  • R. v. G.K.N., 2016 NSCA 29
    • Canada
    • Nova Scotia Court of Appeal of Nova Scotia (Canada)
    • 30 Noviembre 2015
    ...a brief to that effect. [62] G.K.N. cites examples of liability concessions by counsel resulting in miscarriage findings: R. v. D.M.G., 2011 ONCA 343; R. v. Loi and Liang , 2013 ONSC 1202. No such concession was made by G.K.N.'s trial counsel, and these cases have no application here. [63] ......
  • R. v. Slatter, 2018 ONCA 962
    • Canada
    • Court of Appeal (Ontario)
    • 29 Diciembre 2018
    ...R. v. Joanisse (1995), 102 C.C.C. (3d) 35 (Ont. C.A.), at p. 58. It is not a time for Monday morning quarterbacking: R. v. G.(D.M.), 2011 ONCA 343, at para. 107; R. v. B.(G.D.), at para. 27. (iii) Alleged Failure to Address Reasonable Apprehension of Bias [83] I have previously found that t......
  • Request a trial to view additional results
2 firm's commentaries
  • Ontario Court Of Appeal Summaries (March 11-15, 2019)
    • Canada
    • Mondaq Canada
    • 28 Marzo 2019
    ...95, R. v. T. (R.) (1992), 10 O.R. (3d) 514 (C.A.), R. v. Shiwprashad, 2015 ONCA 577, R. v. Cherrington, 2018 ONCA 653, R. v. G. (D.M.), 2011 ONCA 343, R. v. Lavergne, 2017 ONCA 642, R. v. Coffey, 2017 BCCA 359, R. v. Tyler, 2007 BCCA 142 v. S.C., 2019 ONCA 199 Keywords: Criminal Law, Sexual......
  • Ontario Court Of Appeal Summaries (August 7 – 11, 2017)
    • Canada
    • Mondaq Canada
    • 21 Agosto 2017
    ...for the respondent Key Words: Criminal Law, Sexual Assault, Plea Bargain, Ineffective Assistance of Counsel, Sentencing, R. v. G.(D.M.), 2011 ONCA 343 R .v. Nicholas (Publication Ban), 2017 ONCA 646 [Gillese, Huscroft and Trotter JJ.A.] Counsel: D.J. Brodsky, for the appellant J. Speyer, fo......
3 books & journal articles
  • Plea Discussions
    • Canada
    • Irwin Books Ethics and Criminal Law. Second Edition
    • 19 Junio 2015
    ...325 at paras 9–10 [ Duong ]. 7 See R v RP , 2013 ONCA 53 at para 39, leave to appeal to SCC refused, [2013] SCCA No 133 [ RP ]; R v DMG , 2011 ONCA 343 at para 41 [ DMG ]; Eizenga , above note 6 at paras 43 and 70; R v RT (1992), 17 CR (4th) 247 at para 13 (Ont CA) [ RT ]; Duong , above not......
  • Table of cases
    • Canada
    • Irwin Books Ethics and Criminal Law. Second Edition
    • 19 Junio 2015
    ...288, 292, 293 R v DK, 2009 QCCA 987 ....................................................................................644 R v DMG, 2011 ONCA 343 ................................................................. 105, 126, 429, 433, 434, 453, 466, 472−73 R v DN, 2004 NLCA 44 .....................
  • Decision Making
    • Canada
    • Irwin Books Ethics and Criminal Law. Second Edition
    • 19 Junio 2015
    ...[para 24] (Que CA); R v Prosser , [1980] 3 WWR 499 at 501 [paras 5–7] (Sask Dist Ct); R v GDB , 2000 SCC 22 at para 34 [ GDB ]; R v DMG , 2011 ONCA 343 at para 109 [ DMG ]. Also of interest is R v Loi , 2013 ONSC 1202 at para 72: a decision to concede criminal liability is akin to a guilty ......

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