R. v. Dorfer (F.S.), (2013) 337 B.C.A.C. 309 (CA)

JudgeKirkpatrick, Groberman and Bennett, JJ.A.
CourtCourt of Appeal (British Columbia)
Case DateMay 09, 2013
JurisdictionBritish Columbia
Citations(2013), 337 B.C.A.C. 309 (CA);2013 BCCA 223

R. v. Dorfer (F.S.) (2013), 337 B.C.A.C. 309 (CA);

    576 W.A.C. 309

MLB headnote and full text

Temp. Cite: [2013] B.C.A.C. TBEd. MY.028

Regina (respondent) v. Franklin Shane Dorfer (appellant)

(CA036895; 2013 BCCA 223)

Indexed As: R. v. Dorfer (F.S.)

British Columbia Court of Appeal

Kirkpatrick, Groberman and Bennett, JJ.A.

May 9, 2013.

Summary:

The accused was convicted by a jury of breaking and entering a dwelling-house and sexually assaulting an 89 year old woman. At trial, he admitted breaking into the house but denied being involved in the sexual assault. He alleged that he had an accomplice for the break-in, Babcock, who must have committed the sexual assault. Babcock testified for the Crown and denied any involvement. The accused appealed, arguing that the trial judge erred in failing to specifically instruct the jury that it: (a) could not use evidence of his bad character as probative of guilt, and (b) could use evidence of Crown witness Babcock's criminal record and bad character in deciding whether it had a reasonable doubt as to there having been only one intruder (the accused) and that the accused committed the sexual assault.

The British Columbia Court of Appeal, Prowse, J.A., dissenting in part, in a judgment reported (2010), 293 B.C.A.C. 300; 496 W.A.C. 300, dismissed the appeal. The accused appealed.

The Supreme Court of Canada, LeBel and Fish, JJ., dissenting, in a judgment reported (2011), 422 N.R. 245; 313 B.C.A.C. 1; 533 W.A.C. 1, dismissed the appeal. The trial judge, in a judgment reported [2009] B.C.T.C. Uned. 202, had allowed the Crown's application under s. 753 of the Criminal Code to designate the accused to be a dangerous offender. The accused was sentenced to an indeterminate sentence. The accused appealed the dangerous offender designation.

The British Columbia Court of Appeal dismissed the appeal.

Editor's Note: Certain names in the following case have been initialized or the case otherwise edited to prevent the disclosure of identities where required by law, publication ban, Maritime Law Book's editorial policy or otherwise.

Criminal Law - Topic 6552

Dangerous or long-term offenders - Detention - Protection of the public - Pattern of repetitive behaviour - See paragraphs 30 to 62.

Criminal Law - Topic 6553

Dangerous or long-term offenders - Detention - Protection of the public - Brutality of predicate offence - See paragraphs 30 to 62.

Criminal Law - Topic 6558

Dangerous or long-term offenders - Detention - Protection of the public - Dangerous sexual offender - See paragraphs 30 to 62.

Cases Noticed:

R. v. Pedden (B.A.) (2005), 208 B.C.A.C. 303; 344 W.A.C. 303; 194 C.C.C.(3d) 476; 2005 BCCA 121, refd to. [para. 32].

R. v. Currie (R.O.R.), [1997] 2 S.C.R. 260; 211 N.R. 321; 100 O.A.C. 161; 146 D.L.R.(4th) 688, refd to. [para. 32].

R. v. Langevin (1984), 3 O.A.C. 110; 8 D.L.R.(4th) 485; 11 C.C.C.(3d) 336 (C.A.), refd to. [para. 38].

R. v. Neve (L.C.) (1999), 237 A.R. 201; 197 W.A.C. 201; 137 C.C.C.(3d) 97; 1999 ABCA 206, refd to. [para. 38].

R. v. Dow (D.R.) (1999), 120 B.C.A.C. 16; 196 W.A.C. 16; 134 C.C.C.(3d) 323; 1999 BCCA 177, refd to. [para. 42].

R. v. Campbell (J.M.), [2004] O.T.C. 434; 120 C.R.R.(2d) 231; 62 W.C.B.(2d) 215, refd to. [para. 48].

R. v. Carleton, [1981] 6 W.W.R. 148; 32 A.R. 181; 69 C.C.C.(2d) 1 (C.A.), affd. [1983] 2 S.C.R. 58; 47 A.R. 160; 52 N.R. 293, refd to. [para. 53].

Counsel:

J.J. Blazina, for the appellant;

M.J. Brundrett, for the respondent.

This appeal was heard on March 7, 2013, at Vancouver, B.C., before Kirkpatrick, Groberman and Bennett, JJ.A., of the British Columbia Court of Appeal.

On May 9, 2013, Kirkpatrick, J.A., delivered the following judgment for the Court of Appeal.

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15 practice notes
  • Table of Cases
    • Canada
    • Irwin Books The Anatomy of Criminal Procedure. A Visual Guide to the Law Post-trial matters Special Post-conviction Procedures
    • 15 d6 Junho d6 2019
    ...222 R v Doherty, 2007 ONCJ 396 ............................................................................ 345 R v Dorfer, 2013 BCCA 223 ............................................................................... 401 R v Douglas (2002), 12 CR (6th) 374 (Ont CA) ..............................
  • R. v. Boutilier (D.J.), 2015 BCSC 901
    • Canada
    • Supreme Court of British Columbia (Canada)
    • 29 d5 Maio d5 2015
    ...185; R. v. McCallum , 2011 BCSC 715 at para. 41. As few as two occurrences can constitute a pattern; McCallum at para. 41; R v. Dorfer , 2013 BCCA 223 at para. 38; R. v. Allan , 2009 BCSC 1245 at para. 193; R. v. Langevin (1984), 45 O.R. (2d) 705 at 717 (C.A.). The fewer the number of incid......
  • R. v. Knife (F.J.),
    • Canada
    • Court of Queen's Bench of Saskatchewan (Canada)
    • 22 d3 Maio d3 2013
    ...Sask.R. 110; 2009 SKQB 306, affd. (2011), 366 Sask.R. 149; 506 W.A.C. 149; 2011 SKCA 14, refd to. [para. 53]. R. v. Dorfer (F.S.) (2013), 337 B.C.A.C. 309; 576 W.A.C. 309; 2013 BCCA 223, refd to. [para. 54]. R. v. Campbell (J.M.), [2004] O.T.C. 434; 120 C.R.R.(2d) 231 (Sup. Ct.), refd to. [......
  • R. v. D.F.W., 2015 SKQB 30
    • Canada
    • Saskatchewan Court of Queen's Bench of Saskatchewan (Canada)
    • 27 d2 Janeiro d2 2015
    ...of the subsections in a case of two separate assaults on elderly women in their homes at night, [2009] B.C.J. No. 291. In R. v. Dorfer , 2013 BCCA 223, [2013] B.C.J. No. 948 (QL), the predicate offence and one other "disturbingly similar" assault, that were approximately 13 years apart, wer......
  • Request a trial to view additional results
13 cases
  • R. v. Boutilier (D.J.), 2015 BCSC 901
    • Canada
    • Supreme Court of British Columbia (Canada)
    • 29 d5 Maio d5 2015
    ...185; R. v. McCallum , 2011 BCSC 715 at para. 41. As few as two occurrences can constitute a pattern; McCallum at para. 41; R v. Dorfer , 2013 BCCA 223 at para. 38; R. v. Allan , 2009 BCSC 1245 at para. 193; R. v. Langevin (1984), 45 O.R. (2d) 705 at 717 (C.A.). The fewer the number of incid......
  • R. v. Knife (F.J.),
    • Canada
    • Court of Queen's Bench of Saskatchewan (Canada)
    • 22 d3 Maio d3 2013
    ...Sask.R. 110; 2009 SKQB 306, affd. (2011), 366 Sask.R. 149; 506 W.A.C. 149; 2011 SKCA 14, refd to. [para. 53]. R. v. Dorfer (F.S.) (2013), 337 B.C.A.C. 309; 576 W.A.C. 309; 2013 BCCA 223, refd to. [para. 54]. R. v. Campbell (J.M.), [2004] O.T.C. 434; 120 C.R.R.(2d) 231 (Sup. Ct.), refd to. [......
  • R. v. D.F.W., 2015 SKQB 30
    • Canada
    • Saskatchewan Court of Queen's Bench of Saskatchewan (Canada)
    • 27 d2 Janeiro d2 2015
    ...of the subsections in a case of two separate assaults on elderly women in their homes at night, [2009] B.C.J. No. 291. In R. v. Dorfer , 2013 BCCA 223, [2013] B.C.J. No. 948 (QL), the predicate offence and one other "disturbingly similar" assault, that were approximately 13 years apart, wer......
  • R. v. Patel, 2020 BCCA 92
    • Canada
    • Court of Appeal (British Columbia)
    • 18 d3 Março d3 2020
    ...see R. v. Walsh, 2017 BCCA 195 per Bennett J.A. at para. 18, per Dickson J.A. (dissenting in the result) at para. 87(e); R. v. Dorfer, 2013 BCCA 223 at para. 43; and Hexamer at paras. 135, 184. I note that Hexamer was decided after the Supreme Court of Canada’s decision in [220] Appellate c......
  • Request a trial to view additional results
2 books & journal articles
  • Table of Cases
    • Canada
    • Irwin Books The Anatomy of Criminal Procedure. A Visual Guide to the Law Post-trial matters Special Post-conviction Procedures
    • 15 d6 Junho d6 2019
    ...222 R v Doherty, 2007 ONCJ 396 ............................................................................ 345 R v Dorfer, 2013 BCCA 223 ............................................................................... 401 R v Douglas (2002), 12 CR (6th) 374 (Ont CA) ..............................
  • Dangerous-Offender Orders
    • Canada
    • Irwin Books The Anatomy of Criminal Procedure. A Visual Guide to the Law Post-trial matters Special Post-conviction Procedures
    • 15 d6 Junho d6 2019
    ...predict that [he] will likely offend in the same way in the future”: R v Hogg , 2011 ONCA 840 at para 40. See, for example, R v Dorfer , 2013 BCCA 223 at paras 41–44. The pattern of behaviour contemplated by s 753(1)(a)(ii) is not meant to show that an offender will behave in the future in ......

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