Rumley et al. v. British Columbia, (2001) 157 B.C.A.C. 1 (SCC)

JudgeMcLachlin, C.J.C., Gonthier, Iacobucci, Major, Bastarache, Binnie and Arbour, JJ.
CourtSupreme Court (Canada)
Case DateJune 13, 2001
JurisdictionCanada (Federal)
Citations(2001), 157 B.C.A.C. 1 (SCC);2001 SCC 69;9 CPC (5th) 1;10 CCLT (3d) 1;[2001] SCJ No 39 (QL);205 DLR (4th) 39;275 NR 342;[2001] 3 SCR 184;108 ACWS (3d) 775;95 BCLR (3d) 1;JE 2001-1970;[2001] 11 WWR 207;157 BCAC 1

Rumley v. B.C. (2001), 157 B.C.A.C. 1 (SCC);

    256 W.A.C. 1

MLB headnote and full text

[French language version follows English language version]

[La version française vient à la suite de la version anglaise]

....................

Temp. Cite: [2001] B.C.A.C. TBEd. OC.023

Her Majesty The Queen in Right of the Province of British Columbia (appellant) v. Leanne Rumley, John Pratt, Sharon Rumley, J.S. and M.M. (respondents)

(27721; 2001 SCC 69)

Indexed As: Rumley et al. v. British Columbia

Supreme Court of Canada

McLachlin, C.J.C., Gonthier, Iacobucci, Major, Bastarache, Binnie and Arbour, JJ.

June 13, 2001.

Summary:

The plaintiffs were residents of a provin­cially run residential school for deaf children which operated from 1950 until 1992. Resi­dents were physically and sexually abused by staff and peers. The plaintiffs, former resi­dents, sued the province for damages. The plaintiffs applied under the Class Pro­ceed­ings Act to have the action certified as a class proceeding, defining the class as former residents, their family members and second­ary abuse victims of former residents.

The British Columbia Supreme Court dismissed the application on the ground that there were no common issues as required by s. 4(1)(c) of the Act. Accordingly, a class action would not be the preferable procedure for the fair and efficient resolution of the common issues, as required by s. 4(1)(d). The plaintiffs appealed.

The British Columbia Court of Appeal, in a judgment reported 131 B.C.A.C. 68; 214 W.A.C. 68, allowed the appeal in part. There were common issues, namely the standard of care respecting the negligence and fiduciary duty claims and the issue of punitive dam­ages. The court limited the class to residents at the school between 1950 and 1992 who suffered injury, loss or damage due to sexual abuse at the school. The common issues were identified as (1) whether the province was negligent (systemic negligence) or in breach of its fiduciary duty in failing to take reasonable measures in operating or manag­ing the school to prevent the sexual abuse; (2) if the answer to the first issue was yes, whether the plaintiffs were entitled to puni­tive damages; and (3) if the plaintiffs were entitled to punitive damages, the amount each plaintiff was entitled to. The province appealed, submitting that the Court of Appeal erred in certifying even the narrower class.

The Supreme Court of Canada dismissed the appeal. Both the commonality and preferability requirements of the Act were satisfied.

Practice - Topic 208

Person who can sue and be sued - Indi­viduals and corporations - Status or stand­ing - Class or representative actions - For damages - The plaintiffs were former residents of a provincially run school for deaf children which operated from 1950 until 1992 - Residents were physically and sexually abused by staff and peers - The plaintiffs sued the province for damages for negligence, breach of fiduciary duty, educational malpractice, etc., and sought punitive damages - The plaintiffs applied under the Class Proceedings Act for certi­fication of a class proceeding, defining the class as former residents, their family members and secondary abuse victims of former residents - The British Columbia Court of Appeal certified a class proceed­ing on behalf of sexually abused former residents only - There existed common issues (standard of care respecting the negligence, fiduciary duty claims and punitive damages) - The province sub­mitted that the Court of Appeal erred in certifying even the narrower class - The Supreme Court of Canada agreed with the Court of Appeal - Both the commonality and preferability requirements of the Act were satisfied and a class proceeding was appropriate.

Practice - Topic 209.1

Persons who can sue and be sued - Indi­viduals and corporations - Status or stand­ing - Class actions - Members of class - General - [See Practice - Topic 208 ].

Practice - Topic 209.3

Persons who can sue and be sued - Indi­viduals and corporations - Status or stand­ing - Class actions - Certification - Con­siderations (incl. when class action appro­priate) - [See Practice - Topic 208 ].

Cases Noticed:

Hollick v. Metropolitan Toronto (Munici­pal­ity) et al. (2001), 277 N.R. 51; 153 O.A.C. 279 (S.C.C.), refd to. [para. 1].

Western Canadian Shopping Centres Inc. et al. v. Dutton et al. (2001), 272 N.R. 135; 286 A.R. 201; 253 W.A.C. 201 (S.C.C.), refd to. [para. 27].

Anderson et al. v. Wilson et al. (1999), 122 O.A.C. 69; 44 O.R.(3d) 673 (C.A.), refd to. [para. 31].

Chace v. Crane Canada Inc. (1996), 26 B.C.L.R.(3d) 339 (S.C.), refd to. [para. 31].

Endean v. Canadian Red Cross Society et al., [1997] B.C.T.C. Uned. 766; 148 D.L.R.(4th) 158 (S.C.), refd to. [para. 31].

Statutes Noticed:

Class Proceedings Act, R.S.B.C. 1996, c. 50, sect. 4(1), sect. 4(2), sect. 7 [para. 23].

Counsel:

James M. Sullivan, D. Clifton Prowse and Suzanne M. Kennedy, for the appellant;

Patrick G. Guy and Anne Sheane, for the respondents.

Solicitors of Record:

The Ministry of the Attorney General, Vancouver, B.C., for the appellant;

Davis & Co., Vancouver, B.C., for the respondents.

This appeal was heard on June 13, 2001, before McLachlin, C.J.C., Gonthier, Iaco­bucci, Major, Bastarache, Binnie and Arbour, JJ., of the Supreme Court of Canada.

The judgment of the Supreme Court of Canada was delivered orally by McLachlin, C.J.C., on June 13, 2001, with written rea­sons delivered in both official languages on October 18, 2001.

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651 practice notes
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    • New Brunswick Court of Appeal (New Brunswick)
    • 27 Febrero 2014
    ...et al., [2001] 3 S.C.R. 158 ; 277 N.R. 51 ; 153 O.A.C. 279 ; 2001 SCC 68 , consd. [para. 6]. Rumley et al. v. British Columbia, [2001] 3 S.C.R. 184; 275 N.R. 342 ; 157 B.C.A.C. 1 ; 256 W.A.C. 1 ; 2001 SCC 69 , consd. [paras. 6, 145]. Western Canadian Shopping Centres Inc. et al. v. ......
  • Boal v. International Capital Management Inc., 2021 ONSC 651
    • Canada
    • Superior Court of Justice of Ontario (Canada)
    • 26 Enero 2021
    ...197; Merck Frosst Canada Ltd. v. Wuttunee, 2009 SKCA 43, leave to appeal refused, [2008] S.C.C.A. No. 512; Rumley v. British Columbia, [2001] 3 S.C.R. 184 at para. 29. [80] [2001] 3 S.C.R. 184 at para. 29. [81] Vivendi Canada Inc. v. Dell’Aniello, 2014 SCC 1 at paras. 44–46. [82] 203874 Ont......
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    • Court of Queen's Bench of Alberta (Canada)
    • 9 Octubre 2008
    ...al. (2000), 144 B.C.A.C. 51 ; 236 W.A.C. 51 ; 193 D.L.R.(4th) 67 (C.A.), refd to. [para. 84]. Rumley et al. v. British Columbia, [2001] 3 S.C.R. 184; 275 N.R. 342 ; 157 B.C.A.C. 1 ; 256 W.A.C. 1 , refd to. [para. 84]. Abdool et al. v. Anaheim Management Ltd. et al. (1995), 78 O.A.C.......
  • Mancinelli v. Royal Bank of Canada, 2020 ONSC 1646
    • Canada
    • Superior Court of Justice of Ontario (Canada)
    • 14 Abril 2020
    ...197; Merck Frosst Canada Ltd. v. Wuttunee, 2009 SKCA 43, leave to appeal refused, [2008] S.C.C.A. No. 512; Rumley v. British Columbia, [2001] 3 S.C.R. 184 at para. 29. [90] [2001] 3 S.C.R. 184 at para. 29. [91] Vivendi Canada Inc. v. Dell’Aniello, 2014 SCC 1 at paras. 44–46. [92] 203874 Ont......
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391 cases
  • Gay v. Regional Health Authority 7 et al., (2014) 421 N.B.R.(2d) 1 (CA)
    • Canada
    • New Brunswick Court of Appeal (New Brunswick)
    • 27 Febrero 2014
    ...et al., [2001] 3 S.C.R. 158 ; 277 N.R. 51 ; 153 O.A.C. 279 ; 2001 SCC 68 , consd. [para. 6]. Rumley et al. v. British Columbia, [2001] 3 S.C.R. 184; 275 N.R. 342 ; 157 B.C.A.C. 1 ; 256 W.A.C. 1 ; 2001 SCC 69 , consd. [paras. 6, 145]. Western Canadian Shopping Centres Inc. et al. v. ......
  • Boal v. International Capital Management Inc., 2021 ONSC 651
    • Canada
    • Superior Court of Justice of Ontario (Canada)
    • 26 Enero 2021
    ...197; Merck Frosst Canada Ltd. v. Wuttunee, 2009 SKCA 43, leave to appeal refused, [2008] S.C.C.A. No. 512; Rumley v. British Columbia, [2001] 3 S.C.R. 184 at para. 29. [80] [2001] 3 S.C.R. 184 at para. 29. [81] Vivendi Canada Inc. v. Dell’Aniello, 2014 SCC 1 at paras. 44–46. [82] 203874 Ont......
  • Eaton et al. v. HMS Financial Inc. et al., (2008) 458 A.R. 282 (QB)
    • Canada
    • Court of Queen's Bench of Alberta (Canada)
    • 9 Octubre 2008
    ...al. (2000), 144 B.C.A.C. 51 ; 236 W.A.C. 51 ; 193 D.L.R.(4th) 67 (C.A.), refd to. [para. 84]. Rumley et al. v. British Columbia, [2001] 3 S.C.R. 184; 275 N.R. 342 ; 157 B.C.A.C. 1 ; 256 W.A.C. 1 , refd to. [para. 84]. Abdool et al. v. Anaheim Management Ltd. et al. (1995), 78 O.A.C.......
  • Mancinelli v. Royal Bank of Canada, 2020 ONSC 1646
    • Canada
    • Superior Court of Justice of Ontario (Canada)
    • 14 Abril 2020
    ...197; Merck Frosst Canada Ltd. v. Wuttunee, 2009 SKCA 43, leave to appeal refused, [2008] S.C.C.A. No. 512; Rumley v. British Columbia, [2001] 3 S.C.R. 184 at para. 29. [90] [2001] 3 S.C.R. 184 at para. 29. [91] Vivendi Canada Inc. v. Dell’Aniello, 2014 SCC 1 at paras. 44–46. [92] 203874 Ont......
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15 firm's commentaries
  • Court Of Appeal Summaries (October 25-29, 2021)
    • Canada
    • Mondaq Canada
    • 3 Noviembre 2021
    ...College, 2014 ONSC 290, Housen v. Nikolaisen, 2002 SCC 33, Carmichael v. GlaxoSmithKline Inc., 2020 ONCA 447, Rumley v. British Columbia, 2001 SCC 69 McFlow Capital Corp v. James, 2021 ONCA 753 Keywords: Real Property, Condominiums, Oppression, Remedies, Punitive Damages, Civil Procedure, S......
  • Court Of Appeal Summaries (March 29 ' April 2, 2021)
    • Canada
    • Mondaq Canada
    • 6 Abril 2021
    ...(Minister of Finance), 2002 SCC 13, Cooper v. Hobart, 2001 SCC 79, MacLean v. The Queen, [1973] SCR 2, Rumley v. British Columbia, 2001 SCC 69, Cloud v. Canada (Attorney General) (2004), 73 OR (3d) 401 (Ont CA), Good v. Toronto (Police Services Board), 2016 ONCA 250, Seelster Farms v. Her M......
  • Court Of Appeal Summaries (October 25-29, 2021)
    • Canada
    • Mondaq Canada
    • 3 Noviembre 2021
    ...College, 2014 ONSC 290, Housen v. Nikolaisen, 2002 SCC 33, Carmichael v. GlaxoSmithKline Inc., 2020 ONCA 447, Rumley v. British Columbia, 2001 SCC 69 McFlow Capital Corp v. James, 2021 ONCA 753 Keywords: Real Property, Condominiums, Oppression, Remedies, Punitive Damages, Civil Procedure, S......
  • Court Of Appeal Summaries (January 30, 2023 ' February 3, 2023)
    • Canada
    • Mondaq Canada
    • 9 Febrero 2023
    ...Inc., 2012 ONSC 3660, Housen v. Nikolaisen, 2002 SCC 33, Mustapha v. Culligan of Canada Ltd., 2008 SCC 27, Rumley v. British Columbia, 2001 SCC 69, White v. Canada (Attorney General), 2002 BCSC 1164, Armstrong v. Royal Victoria Hospital, 2019 ONCA 963, Fresco v. Canadian Imperial Bank of Co......
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244 books & journal articles
  • A Real and Substantial Look at Jurisdiction in the Civil and Class Action Settings
    • Canada
    • Irwin Books The Canadian Class Action Review No. 8-2, May 2013
    • 1 Mayo 2013
    ...certain forms of relief or heads of damages. Relief and heads of damages are not causes of action and, 58 Rumley v British Columbia, 2001 SCC 69 at para 30. 59 Robertson v Proquest Learning and Information LLC (unreported) 19 July 2010 (03-CV-252945CP). 60 Order of Cullity J dated 19 July 2......
  • An Old Snail in a New Bottle? Waiver of Tort as An Independent Cause of Action
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    • Irwin Books The Canadian Class Action Review No. 6-1, April 2010
    • 1 Abril 2010
    ...Ibid. Cloud v. Canada (Attorney General) (2004), 73 O.R. (3d) 401 at para. 87 (C.A.). Ibid. at para. 88. Rumley v. British Columbia, [2001] 3 S.C.R. 184 at para. 39 [Rumley]. 10 11 12 13 14 VOLUME 6, N o 1, april 2010 41 retaining experts will easily outstrip any one class member’s claim.”1......
  • Conspiracy Class Actions: Evidence on the Motion for Certification
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    • Irwin Books The Canadian Class Action Review No. 3-1, January 2006
    • 1 Enero 2006
    ...Mendelsohn, provided useful assistance in the preparation of this article. [2001] 2 S.C.R. 534 . [2001] 3 S.C.R. 158 [Hollick]. [2001] 3 S.C.R. 184. 245 246 LITIGATING CONSPIRACY: AN ANALYSIS OF COMPETITION CLASS B. THE LESSONS IN HOLLICK The general requirement that there must be satisf......
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    • Irwin Books The Canadian Class Action Review No. 3-1, January 2006
    • 1 Enero 2006
    ...Mendelsohn, provided useful assistance in the preparation of this article. [2001] 2 S.C.R. 534 . [2001] 3 S.C.R. 158 [Hollick]. [2001] 3 S.C.R. 184. 245 246 LITIGATING CONSPIRACY: AN ANALYSIS OF COMPETITION CLASS B. THE LESSONS IN HOLLICK The general requirement that there must be satisf......
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